Benefits of tyrosine


Tyrosine is a type of amino acid that is found in many different types of protein-rich foods, including meats, fish, dairy products, and legumes. This nutrient is important for a variety of bodily functions, including the synthesis of neurotransmitters like dopamine, norepinephrine, and adrenaline, which play an important role in mood, motivation, and stress response.

Given its importance to mental health and performance, there has been growing interest in tyrosine supplements as a means of enhancing cognitive function and mood. This article will explore the science behind tyrosine supplements, their potential benefits, and any potential risks or side effects associated with their use.

What is Tyrosine?

Tyrosine is an amino acid that is involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters in the brain, including dopamine, norepinephrine, and adrenaline. These neurochemicals play an important role in a number of cognitive functions, including:

  • Mood regulation
  • Attention and focus
  • Working memory
  • Executive function
  • Stress response
  • Physical performance
  • Tyrosine is also involved in the biosynthesis of proteins, and it is used as a precursor to many other key compounds in the body, including thyroid hormones and melanin.

How Does Tyrosine Work?

Tyrosine works by increasing the availability of neurotransmitters in the brain, which can lead to improved cognitive function and mood. In particular, tyrosine has been shown to increase the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which are important for motivation, attention, and memory.

Tyrosine is also broken down into a number of other compounds, including L-DOPA, which is a precursor to dopamine. Some researchers believe that tyrosine supplementation can increase the production of this and other key neurotransmitters in the brain, leading to improved cognitive and emotional functioning.

Benefits of Tyrosine Supplements

One of the main benefits of tyrosine supplements is their ability to enhance cognitive function. There is growing evidence to suggest that tyrosine supplements may be helpful for improving attention, working memory, and executive function, particularly in situations where mental demand is high.

For example, one study showed that tyrosine supplementation improved working memory and cognitive flexibility in healthy adults performing a demanding task for 10 days. Another study found that tyrosine supplements improved mental performance and attention in subjects who were sleep-deprived.

In addition to these cognitive benefits, tyrosine supplements may also have mood-enhancing effects. Because tyrosine is involved in the production of dopamine and norepinephrine, it may help to improve mood and reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety in some people. Some studies have even found that tyrosine supplements may be helpful in treating symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Finally, some research has suggested that tyrosine supplements may improve physical performance, particularly during endurance exercise. One study found that cyclists who took tyrosine prior to a cycling test performed better and reported lower levels of fatigue than those who did not take the supplement.

Potential Risks and Side Effects

While tyrosine supplements are generally considered safe, there are some potential risks and side effects associated with their use. For example, some people may experience gastrointestinal problems like nausea, diarrhea, or stomach cramps after taking high doses of tyrosine. Additionally, tyrosine supplements can interact with certain medications, including antidepressants and MAO inhibitors, so it is important to speak with your doctor before taking this supplement if you are on any medications.

Another potential risk of tyrosine supplements is that they may increase blood pressure in some people. This effect is thought to be related to the increase in norepinephrine levels that can occur with tyrosine supplementation. If you have hypertension or any other cardiovascular health concerns, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional before taking tyrosine supplements.

Finally, tyrosine supplements should be avoided by individuals with thyroid problems, as tyrosine is involved in the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones. Taking tyrosine supplements can interfere with the body’s ability to produce and regulate hormones, potentially leading to thyroid imbalances.


Tyrosine is an essential amino acid that plays an important role in the production of neurotransmitters in the brain. It may be helpful for improving cognitive function, mood, and physical performance, particularly in situations where mental or physical demands are high. However, tyrosine supplements should be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as there are some potential risks and side effects associated with their use. Before taking any new supplement, it is important to consult with your doctor to ensure that it is safe and appropriate for your needs.

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